Treating Dark Spots

Understanding and Treating Dark Spots for a Flawless Complexion

Dark spots, or hyperpigmentation, manifest on the skin due to a myriad of factors. These discolorations can detract from a uniform skin tone, leading many to seek solutions for a more harmonious and flawless complexion. This guide delves into the causes behind dark spots and outlines the spectrum of available treatments.

What Are Dark Spots?

Dark spots are patches of skin that appear darker than the surrounding area. This common condition occurs when an excess of melanin, the brown pigment that produces normal skin color, forms deposits in the skin. These spots can vary in size and develop anywhere on the body, but they are most commonly found on sun-exposed areas like the face, hands, and arms.

What Causes Dark Spots?

Sun Exposure

Prolonged exposure to the sun can lead to an overproduction of melanin in certain areas of the skin, resulting in dark spots. These spots, often called age spots or sunspots, typically appear on body parts frequently exposed to sunlight, such as the face, hands, and arms.

Hormonal Changes

Hormonal fluctuations, especially those associated with pregnancy, menopause, or the use of birth control pills, can trigger melasma. Melasma is characterized by dark patches that commonly appear on the face, and it’s more prevalent among women.


As the skin ages, it’s common for dark spots to develop due to the cumulative effect of sun exposure and a natural decrease in the skin’s regenerative capabilities. These age-related dark spots are often seen on areas of the skin that have been most exposed to the sun over the years.

Skin Inflammation

Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation occurs when dark spots form on the skin following inflammation or injury. Conditions such as acne, eczema, or even minor cuts and burns can lead to these dark patches once the inflammation subsides.

Certain Medications

Some medications, including certain antibiotics, hormone treatments, and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), can increase skin sensitivity to sunlight, leading to dark spots. It’s essential to be aware of your medication’s side effects and take preventive measures when exposed to the sun.

Understanding the Different Types of Dark Spots

Age Spots (Liver Spots/Solar Lentigines)

Predominantly found on sun-exposed areas such as the face, hands, and arms, age spots are flat, brown patches. They result from years of UV exposure and tend to be more common and persistent as we age. Treatments like IPL and BBL therapies are particularly effective, targeting the melanin clusters directly.


Characterized by large, brown patches often appearing on the face, melasma is deeply linked to hormonal changes, such as those occurring during pregnancy or with contraceptive use. Due to its hormonal associations, melasma requires a more nuanced approach, often benefiting from a combination of topical treatments and gentle laser procedures like the MOXI® Laser to avoid exacerbating the condition.

Post-Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation (PIH)

This form follows skin injury or inflammation, leaving dark marks after acne, eczema, or cuts. Unlike age spots, PIH can fade over time with proper skincare and avoidance of further inflammation. Treatments focus on accelerating this natural fading process, with options like Laser Genesis offering gentle yet effective results.


Small, brown spots that may darken with sun exposure, freckles are generally genetic. They can fluctuate with seasonal changes and are often embraced as part of an individual’s unique beauty. For those seeking to lessen their appearance, treatments that focus on lightening and evening out skin tone, such as CoolPeel®, can be beneficial.

What Are Some Treatments We Provide for Dark Spots?

For those seeking to address and diminish the appearance of dark spots, we offer a range of advanced treatments tailored to various types of hyperpigmentation, ensuring personalized care for optimal results. Our treatments include the following:

  • HALO® Laser: The HALO Laser is a hybrid fractional laser that combines ablative and non-ablative wavelengths. This dual action targets the surface layer of the skin to improve texture and tone and also penetrates deeper to stimulate collagen production.
  • MOXI Laser: The MOXI Laser is designed for those seeking a gentler approach to skin rejuvenation. This non-ablative laser treatment is ideal for correcting minor pigmentation and uneven skin tone. It is suitable for all skin types and particularly effective for maintaining youthful skin and preventing signs of aging.
  • IPL and BBL Treatments: Intense Pulsed Light (IPL) and BroadBand Light (BBL) therapies use light energy to target and diminish the appearance of dark spots. These treatments are highly effective in treating sun damage, age spots, and other forms of hyperpigmentation by breaking down melanin clusters. 
  • CoolPeel: CoolPeel is a CO2 laser treatment that offers precise control over the intensity of the peel. This technology gently removes the superficial layer of the skin, revealing a smoother, more uniform complexion beneath.
  • Laser Genesis: Laser Genesis is a non-invasive treatment that uses micro-pulses of laser energy to warm the dermis. It’s particularly effective for treating diffuse pigmentation and improving the overall skin tone and texture. 

Get Personalized Dark Spot Treatment Plans in Carmel & Indianapolis, IN

At Wise Aesthetics, serving Carmel and Indianapolis, IN, we specialize in offering cutting-edge treatments designed to effectively address and reduce the appearance of dark spots, offering personalized solutions to meet your unique skincare needs. Our advanced options are each tailored to target hyperpigmentation and promote a more even, radiant complexion. 

To explore how our treatments can help you achieve clearer, more flawless skin, we invite you to contact us for a consultation. Contact us online or call us at (317) 569-6448 and let Wise Aesthetics be your partner in revealing your most beautiful skin.